| Category=Ghettos |
|Websites over de getto's door de nazi's gebouwd om de Untermenschen op te sluiten, te concentreren en te deporteren. |
|1|| Biala Podlaska (!) [Edit]||Ghettos|
|2|| Bialystok getto (!) [Edit]||Ghettos|
Op 1 augustus 1941 werden ongeveer 50.000 Joden uit Bialystok geinterneerd in een ghetto. Elke Joodse inwoner van Bialystok en de omgeving in de leeftijd van 15 tot 65 werd gedwongen voor de duitsers te werken. Ontduiken van deze slavenarbeid werd bestraft met mishandeling of zelfs de doodstraf. De fabrieken in het ghetto waren privé ondernemingen die eigendom waren van Oskal Stefen. In Juli kwamen een aantal Joodse gevangenen in opstand. De opstand duurde tot 16 augustus 1943, toen de laatste opstandelingen door de Duitsers waren gedood.
|3|| Bochnia (!) [Edit]||Ghettos|
|On 1 December 1939, the edict requiring Jews to wear a white armband bearing a blue Star of David had been introduced, and in May 1940 an enormous “fine” of 3 million zloty was demanded from the Jewish population. 200-300 young Jews were sent to the Pustkow labour camp, near Debica, in mid 1940, and at the end of that year deportation of young Jewish men to the labour camp at Klaj, 12 km west of Bochnia, began.|
|4|| Brody (!) [Edit]||Ghettos|
From September 1939 until 1 July 1941 the town was under Soviet occupation. At that time some Jews collaborated with the Soviets and others, mainly wealthy people, were prosecuted and deported to Siberia. Before the German army entered the town, Brody was bombed for eight days. Many houses were completely destroyed and the Soviet army evacuated the town in panic. German units captured the town on 1 July 1941 and were warmly welcomed by the local Ukrainian population. From the beginning of the occupation the Jewish apartments were plundered by German soldiers and their Ukrainian collaborators.
|5|| Ghetto van Czestochowa (!) [Edit]||Ghettos|
|Kleine webpage met algemene informatie over het ghetto van Czestochowa. De webpage bevat een aantal foto's en historische kaarten.|
|6|| Ghetto van Siedlce (!) [Edit]||Ghettos|
Webpage met informatie over het ghetto van Siedlce. De site bevat een aantal kaarten en foto's.
|7|| Ghetto van Tarnow (!) [Edit]||Ghettos|
|Website met algemene informaite over het ghetto van Tarnow. De website bevat een aantal kaarten en foto's.|
|8|| Grodno (!) [Edit]||Ghettos|
On 2 November 1942, the Ghettos I and II in Grodno were completely sealed off. In the morning the workers from Ghetto II were held up at the gate and suddenly the commandants of the two ghettos, Kurt Wiese (Ghetto I) and Otto Strebelow (Ghetto II), appeared and began shooting at the workers indiscriminately. 12 Jews were killed, forty were wounded, and the others fled wildly in panic. It was the first time that Grodno’s Jews had experienced sudden mass murder, perpetrated without warning. In the evening, the news spread through the city that the Jews from the neighbouring towns had been transported to the Kielbasin camp. The sealing of the two ghettos was accompanied by show-hangings and acts of group murder. Punitive executions were not only meted out for trying to escape. The fate of anyone caught smuggling food into the ghetto was also sealed. Shooting of Jews who were found carrying bread or other food became routine. About two weeks after the Jews in the neighbouring towns were taken to Kielbasin, the Germans began liquidating Ghetto II. First, however, they transferred those with useful professions from Ghetto II to Ghetto I. The first deportation from Ghetto II took place on 15 November 1942. The Jews were told that they were being sent to work, and, according to the testimony of Grodno survivors who reached Bialystok in 1943, the Judenrat and the other Jews in the ghetto believed this tale. Therefore, very few tried to hide. The deportees reached Auschwitz on 18 November, and before they were murdered they were given prepared postcards on which a sentence in German was printed: "Being treated well, we are working and everything is fine". They were ordered to sign the postcards and address them to their relatives in Grodno. The first deportation was followed by a brief lull in Ghetto II. But a few days later, on 21 November, everyone still in the ghetto was deported to Auschwitz. There is some uncertainty regarding the precise number of deportees, but it is probable that at least 4,000 inhabitants of the ghetto - those remaining in Ghetto II after the transfer of a similar number of Jews to Ghetto I - perished in Auschwitz as a result of these "actions".
|9|| Jaworow (!) [Edit]||Ghettos|
|The first attrocities against the Jews were organised here as early as September 1939. During the period of two weeks during which Jaworow was initially occupied by the Wehrmacht, the Germans, with the assistance of some Ukrainians, terrorized the Jews of the town. The main synagogue was burned down. Jews who were gathered around the synagogue had to sing religious songs whilst observing the burning synagogue. Many people were beaten in the streets. German soldiers cut the beards and carved swastikas on the heads of Orthodox Jews. During that time about 30 people were killed in Jaworow, mainly in accordance with a special list prepared by the Ukrainian mayor. At the end of September 1939, control of Jaworow passed to the Soviet Union, and the town remained under Soviet occupation until 22 June 1941. During the period of Soviet occupation, a group of Jewish refugees from the Generalgouvernement arrived in the town and the Jewish population increased to 3.000. The Soviets nationalized Jewish trade, and some wealthy Jews were persecuted on the grounds that they were "capitalists". The Soviets deported some of the Jewish refugees and many Poles from Jaworow to Siberia.|
|10|| Kielce Ghetto (!) [Edit]||Ghettos|
Kleine webpage met algemene informatie over het ghetto van Kielce. De webpage bevat een paar foto's en kaarten